- 1 Great Religious Celebration Of Eid al-Fitr In The Muslim World
Great Religious Celebration Of Eid al-Fitr In The Muslim World
Eid al-Fitr is the paramount religious celebration holidays among Muslims all over the globe, which comes by the finish of the holiest month of Ramadan, which is the month of sawm.
During this great festival which starts with the Ist day of the month of Shawwal, and at this time Muslim are not allowed to fast on a couple of Eid Days.
The starting date of any lunar Hijri month varies and it is primarily based on when the new moon is sighted by the religious ministry of the country, so the celebration date of Eid-ul-Fitr varies from country to country.
A particular salat (Islamic prayer) is observed on Eid al-Fitr along with dual Rakats (a position in prayer) and commonly observed in open place or big sized mosque hall.
No AZAN of this prayer is given, it can be observed only in Jamaat (collective prayer) with extra 6 takbirs (by saying Allah-u-Akbar (means God Is Greatest) and raising hands.
Muslims believe and obey the commandments of Allah (God) as it is cited in the Quran, that to observe fast by the end of the month of Ramadan and pay Fitrana before the prayer or salat of Eid-ul-Fitr.
A Short History About Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr was commenced by the start of Islam by the order of Allah, which was narrated by the LAST MESSENGER OF ALLAH HAZRAT MOHAMMAD PEACE BE UPON HIM, after the month of Ramazan (the month of fasting or sawm).
Primarily based on assertive traditions, this commemoration started in the holy city of Madina after the migration of the greatest prophet on earth Hazrat Mohammad Peace be upon him from the city of Mecca.
When the prophet Mohammad reached in the Holy city of Madina, he determined that the citizen of Madina enjoying a couple of national special days, in which they enjoy with merriment and recreation. Due to this, he chose two new festival (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) instead which are better than old festivals by the will of Allah Almighty.
General Customs Of Eid Al-Fitr
After the moon sets, then the following day is the day of Eid al-Fitr which Muslim celebrates from three consecutive days. This particular day starts with the Eid prayer, Fasting is forbidden on Eid Day.
An obligatory charity of Eid-ul-Fitr is Sadqa Fitr (A kind of charity), the specific amount of money is a duty of every Muslim to pay to the poor and the needy before the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer starts.
Muslims also recite the following words in a low voice while moving onwards to the mosques.
Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar. Lā ilāha illà l-Lāh wal-Lāhu akbar, Allahu akbar walil-Lāhi l-ḥamd.
The Eid Prayer is followed by Dua, asking for Allah’s mercy, forgiveness, blessing, and peace for all peoples across the globe.
The sermon also teaches Muslims as to the performance of Eid customs, which is zakat.
Muslims do visit their friends, relatives, and also hold massive entertainments and celebrations in community centers, homes, or in the rented halls.
The most popular Eid gifts are called Eidi, which is the money given to kids of all relatives.
Procedure Of Salat-e-Eid-ul-Fitr (Prayer Of Eid Al-Fitr)
There are 2 Rak’ah (Rakaat) performed in this prayer which starts with Niyyat (will) and then 6 additional Takbeeraat which is said by the Imam and then by the followers.
The Imam recites Surah-e-Fatiha and with another Surah, then Raku and then sujud. Followed by the Ruku and Sujud, this completes the prayer of Eid, after the prayer khutbah starts.
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated is really great in Saudi Arabia. Saudis illuminate their houses and make delicious meals and a grand firework.
In Saudi Arabis, the performance of Eid festival traditions varies from city to city.
Many shopkeepers exhibit generosity on this special occasion and exchange Eid gifts with each other.
During the sermon of Eid, various chocolate traders distribute free chocolates and candies especially to children free of cost.
Eid al-Fitr starts by the new crescent moon which is also the start of the new lunar month according to the Islamic Hijri calendar.
Participate in the Eid al-Fitr prayer that normally took place in big grounds or mosque halls at early morning and also pay Sadqa-Tul-Fitar. (Charity)
Traditional ambitions from the Metropolitan Municipality Istanbul by saying “let us, love, let us be loved”, and the fine decorative lighting and fixtures are stretched throughout the minarets of Istanbul blue mosque.
In Turkey Ramadan holidays have dual names which are şeker bayramı (it means sweet holidays) and Ramazan bayramı (means Ramadan holidays), these are Turkish national sermon holidays.
These days the whole nation celebrate their most important celebration and the government and local offices are closed except the hospitals and food places.
In Egypt, the ceremony of Eid al-Fitr is the 3 consecutive day’s celebration along with vacations in government offices, schools, universities and business organization.
After then, friends, relatives, and neighbors pass on Eid greeting to each other by saying ‘Eid Mubarak” and nowadays also by SMS or by WhatsApp’s, many families go to each other homes and enjoys.
Some prefer to visit sightseeing places like river Nile and Sharma el-Sheikh. Children had a wonderful time getting beautiful clothes. Also, elderly peoples also receive special gifts from their loving ones.
An obligatory duty of elders is also to give Eid-eh-yah or Eidi, which is an amount of money to buy and enjoy this sermon.
There are 3 days of holidays in Tunisia since the year 2012, since 2012.
Quality meals, Baklawa, cakes, and biscuits are to prepare for this function to entertain the relatives, friends, and neighbor.
Men usually forward early to the Mosque in morning, some women also go to mosques while other make delicious meals, decorate the houses and some also makes clothes for kids.
In the morning peoples have many activates but the feasting lasts long all day.
Normally children remain with their families and visit relatives, friends, and neighbors to have a good time with them.
Sudan, 97% population is Muslim, where the Eid preparations start for the last time in Ramadan.
Most Eid meals are Ka’ak which are sweet cookies, bettifour which are baked dry cookies and macaroni also.
Eid dresses are shopped from a big mall, mostly women decorate themselves with Henna, and some parts of houses are painter decorative clothes.
Before the Eid day, all the house is washed and decorated.
Mostly women also attend the Eid al-Fitr prayer along with men and on all the three days peoples go to each other houses.
Baked foods, sweets, and chocolates are served in these days, and often lu Niches are made for the visitors. Children have entertained also with money and toys while young’s girls get jewelry.
Officially Nigeria is declared as a secular country, but a large number of population is Muslim.
Peoples in Nigeria welcome with the traditional greeting of Eid Mubarak.
The national language of Nigeria is Hausa and peoples pass each other the greeting of “Barka Da Sallah”, it meanings are “Sallah Greetings”.
Muslims perform Eid prayers on the selected praying places before going home to take part in the remaining festival dishes which are specially made by the female in houses but mostly peoples also arrange their food from restaurants.
The National typical holidays remains from 3 days in Nigeria.
In Afghanistan Eid among Pashto-speaking people is called as Kochnai Akhtar.
Afghans start making for Eid al-Fitr festival 10 days before the sermon, by making Pathans favorite food, decorating home, as we all know that Pathan hospitality is famous a lot, that’s why they welcome their guest with great hospitality.
Afghans visit their nearby markets to shop for new garments, snacks, and sweets. Unique treats served to visitors during the period of festivities, which are jelabi (sweet dish), shor-nakhod (A chickpeas dish), and wa kolcha cake.
During the time of Eid al-Fitr, Afghans perform Eid prayers gather in homes and also the public places greet each other in their own accent and language.
Visiting friend, neighbors, and families is a custom of Afghan culture, and at the time of Eid-al-Fitr it is quite common think, children walk around from home to home by saying “Khala Eidet Mubarak” (“aunt Eid blessing”), and gets cookies or Pala in reward from neighbors.
Campfires are lighted around houses during night hours at many places, sometimes the entire valleys appear to be immersed in flame. Doing firing with an automatic weapon is also an Afghan tradition on this occasion.
People feel their obligatory duty to give charity on this special religious occasion to the poor and needy people in their family, neighbor and friends and also to those who they didn’t know.
This sermon allows everyone to share the happiness of Eid al-Fitr to the poor one and not to feel them depressed. There is 3 days holiday on a national level on the Eid al-Fitr in which greeting and festival remain nationally for the complete month of Shawwal.
Another tradition was to post Eid greeting cards to their loving one which is now replaced by SMS and WhatsApp’s messages.
After the prayer of Eid al-Fitr before moving to their houses mostly distribute charity to the needy peoples, so that they could also enjoy on this festival and also gets gifts for children and sweets, fruit etc. for their families.
The family also enjoy specially made breakfast which is called sheer khurma, which is the most traditionally made Eid al-Fitr morning dish.
Children’s enjoys a lot after receiving Eidi, which is the money gifted to their kids on this special day.
Eid al-Fitr celebrations in India has a lot of similarities along with the regional traditions.
Mehndi tradition is applying of henna for skin decoration especially hands, food, and face.
The night before Eid in India is called as Chaand Raat (it means moon night). Muslims especially ladies frequently goes to shopping plaza and bazaars for Eid shopping.
Women, particularly girls of youth age, often decorate the conventional henna or mehndi on their hands and feet also wear decorative bangles.
New gifts Items are regularly given to kids and girls which is a tradition on this festival.
It is a normal tradition for children to say salaam to adults, parents, and relatives, after performing Eid prayers, it is also a usual practice among Muslims to visit the cemeteries and pray for their loving one.
It is also a common custom to visit relatives, neighbors, and friends and to meet together to share special meals, snacks, candies, snacks which are made particular on Eid day.
Eid al-Fitr biggest crowd on prayer at Delhi’s Jamia Masjid on Eid day is held.
In Bangladesh, Eid al-Fitr is commonly called as ‘Romjaner Eid’ and is observed over a 3-day national holiday.
All Banks, Local and Government offices usually closed except the hospital and other emergencies provided institutions at this time.
Bangladeshis also enjoy these 3 days holidays by the start of their religious obligatory duty of Eid prayer, embracing each other, greeting each other, paying special money to needy peoples, passing Eid gifts and then going to relatives, neighbors, and friends.
The most famous customs among ladies is to decorate their hands and feet with henna (or mehndi), then wearing the beautiful colorful bangles which are made of glass, silver, and gold also.
Almost all start their day with a bath, then wear new clothes and move to the Eid prayer places and mosques.
On this festival special food is served to the family and guest which are called Kebabs, Sheer Khurma, Pulao Rice, Roast Chicken, and a lot more.
Upcoming On specialsdays.com: